UMthetho oYilwayo woPhuculo loBambiswano

Kude kube namhla, iNetherlands ineendlela ezintathu zomthetho zentsebenziswano: ubuhlakani, ubuhlakani ngokubanzi (VOF) kunye nobambiswano olunomda (i-CV). Isetyenziswa ikakhulu kumashishini amancinci naphakathi (ii-SMEs), icandelo lezolimo kunye neenkonzo. Zonke ezi ntlobo zintathu zentsebenziswano zisekwe kumgaqo osusela ku-1838. Kuba umthetho okhoyo uthathwa njengophelelwe lixesha kwaye awonelanga ukuhlangabezana neemfuno zoosomashishini kunye neengcali xa kufikwa kwityala okanye ukungena nokuphuma kwamaqabane, a UMthetho oYilwayo woPhuculo loBambiswano ubusetafileni ukusukela ngomhla wama-21 kweyoMdumba 2019. Injongo yalo mthetho usayilwayo kukusungula inkqubo efikelelekayo yale mihla eququzelela oosomashishini, enikezela ngokhuseleko olufanelekileyo kubantu abatyalwayo nokhuseleko kurhwebo.

UMthetho oYilwayo woPhuculo loBambiswano

Ngaba nguwe umsunguli wobambiswano lwama-231,000 eNetherlands? Okanye uceba ukuseka ubambiswano? Ke kububulumko ukugcina iso kwiBhili yoPhuculo lobuDlelwane. Nangona lo mthetho usayilwayo uza kuqala ukusebenza nge-1 Januwari 2021, awukavotelwa kwiNdlu yabameli. Ukuba uMthetho oYilwayo woPhuculo loBambiswano, owawufunyenwe ngokuqinisekileyo ngexesha lokubonisana nge-intanethi, uyamkelwa yiNdlu yabameli ngale ndlela ikhoyo, ezinye izinto ziya kutshintsha kuwe njengosomashishini kwixa elizayo. Inani lotshintsho olucetywayo olubalulekileyo liza kuxoxwa ngezantsi.

Ukwahlula umsebenzi kunye neshishini

Okokuqala, endaweni yesithathu, zimbini kuphela iifom zomthetho eziya kuba phantsi kobambiswano, ezizezi ubambiswano kunye nobambiswano olulinganiselweyo, kwaye akukho mahluko uya kwenziwa ngokwahlukeneyo phakathi kobambiswano ne-VOF. Ngokubhekisele kwigama, ubambiswano kunye ne-VOF iya kuqhubeka ukubakho, kodwa umahluko phakathi kwabo uyonyamalala. Ngenxa yotshintsho, umahluko okhoyo phakathi kobungcali kunye neshishini uza kufiphala. Ukuba ufuna ukuseta ubambiswano njengosomashishini, ngoku kusafuneka ujonge ukuba yeyiphi ifom yezomthetho oza kuyikhetha, ubambiswano okanye i-VOF, njengenxalenye yemisebenzi yakho. Emva kwayo yonke loo nto, ngentsebenziswano kukho intsebenziswano ejongene nomsebenzi wokuzilolonga, ngelixa i-VOF ineshishini. Uqeqesho ikakhulu luchaphazela uqeqesho oluzimeleyo apho iimpawu zomntu owenza umsebenzi ziphakathi, njengababhali beencwadi, abagcini zincwadi, oogqirha, amagqwetha. Inkampani ingaphezulu kwinqanaba lezorhwebo kwaye eyona njongo iphambili kukwenza inzuzo. Emva kokungena kokusebenza koMthetho oYilwayo woPhuculo lobuDlelwane, olu khetho lunokushiywa.

Uxanduva

Ngenxa yotshintsho olusuka kwintsebenziswano emibini iye kathathu, umahluko kwimeko yoxanduva nawo uya kunyamalala. Okwangoku, amahlakani wentsebenziswano ngokubanzi anoxanduva lokufumana iindawo ezilinganayo, ngelixa amaqabane e-VOF anokuthi abenoxanduva lokufumana isixa esipheleleyo. Ngenxa yokuqalisa kokusebenza koMthetho oYilwayo woPhuculo loBambiswano, amahlakani (ukongeza kwinkampani) onke aya kuthi ngokudibeneyo nangokuzimeleyo abenoxanduva lwemali epheleleyo. Oko kuthetha ukuba utshintsho olukhulu "kubambiswano lwangaphambili ngokubanzi", umzekelo, abagcini zincwadi, amagosa aseburhulumenteni kunye noogqirha. Nangona kunjalo, ukuba i-asayinimenti iphathiswe ngokukodwa lelinye iqela kwiqabane elinye kuphela, uxanduva lukwaye kuphela kweli qabane (kunye nenkampani), ngaphandle kwamanye amaqabane.

Njengeqabane, ingaba uyayingena intsebenziswano emva kokuba lo Mthetho uYilwayo woPhuculo lwentsebenziswano uqalile ukusebenza? Kwimeko enjalo, ngenxa yotshintsho, uxanduva lwakho kuphela kumatyala enkampani aya kuvela emva kokungena kwaye awusayi kuba nawo amatyala awayesele engene ngaphambi kokuba ungene. Ngaba ungathanda ukwehla njengeqabane? Emva koko uya kukhululwa kungadlulanga iminyaka emihlanu emva kokupheliswa koxanduva lwezibophelelo zenkampani. Ngesiqhelo, umboleki-mali kuya kufuneka kuqala amangalele ubuhlakani ngokwalo nawaphi na amatyala angekahlawulwa. Kuphela ukuba inkampani ayikwazi ukuhlawula amatyala, ababolekisi bangaqhubeka nokudibana kunye noxanduva oluninzi lwamaqabane.

Umbutho osemthethweni, isiseko kunye nokuqhubeka

KuMthetho oYilwayo woPhuculo loBambiswano, ubuhlakani banikwa ngokuzenzekelayo iziko labo elisemthethweni kwimeko yezilungiso. Ngamanye amagama: ubuhlakani, njenge-NV kunye ne-BV, baba ngabathwali abazimeleyo bamalungelo noxanduva. Oku kuthetha ukuba amaqabane awasayi kuba ngawodwa, kodwa ngokudibeneyo abanini beeasethi ezizezomdibaniselwano. Inkampani iyakufumana iiasethi ezahlukileyo kunye neeasethi ezingaxutywanga neeasethi zabucala zamaqabane. Ngale ndlela, ubuhlakani bunokuthi ngokuzimeleyo bube ngumnini wepropathi engenakushenxiswa ngezivumelwano ezigqitywe ngegama lenkampani, ekunganyanzelekanga ukuba zisayinwe ngawo onke amaqabane ngalo lonke ixesha, kwaye zinokudlulisela ngokulula ngokwazo.

Ngokungafaniyo ne-NV kunye ne-BV, umthetho oyilwayo awunyanzeli ungenelelo nge-notarial okanye i-capital notisi yokufaka ubuhlakani. Okwangoku akukho thuba lisemthethweni lokuseka iziko elisemthethweni ngaphandle kongenelelo lobungqina. Amaqela anokuseka ubambiswano ngokungena kwisivumelwano sentsebenziswano kunye nabanye. Ifom yesivumelwano ayihlawulelwa. Isivumelwano sentsebenzo esemgangathweni kulula ukusifumana kunye nokukhuphela kwi-intanethi. Nangona kunjalo, ukuthintela ukungaqiniseki kunye neenkqubo ezinendleko kwixa elizayo, kuyacetyiswa ukubandakanya igqwetha elikhethekileyo kwicandelo lezivumelwano zentsebenziswano. Ngaba ungathanda ukwazi ngakumbi malunga nesivumelwano sentsebenziswano? Emva koko nxibelelana Law & More iingcali.

Ngapha koko, lo Mthetho uYilwayo woPhuculo lwentsebenziswano wenza ukuba usomashishini aqhubeke nenkampani emva kokuba elinye iqabane liyekile. Ubambiswano akusafuneki ukuba luchithwe kuqala kwaye luya kuqhubeka ukubakhona, ngaphandle kokuba kuvunyelwene ngenye indlela. Ukuba uthelelwano luyachithwa, kunokwenzeka ukuba iqabane eliseleyo liqhubeke nenkampani njengepropathieship yedwa. Ukuchithwa phantsi kokuqhubeka kwemisebenzi kuya kukhokelela kutshintsho phantsi kwesihloko sendalo iphela. Kule meko, umthetho oyilwayo kwakhona awufuni tayitali, kodwa ufuna ukuthotyelwa kweemfuno ezisesikweni ezifunekayo zokuhanjiswa kwepropathi ebhalisiweyo.

Ngamafutshane, ukuba umthetho oyilwayo upasisiwe ngokwendlela ekuyiyo ngoku, ayizukuba lula kuwe njengosomashishini ukuqala inkampani ngohlobo lobambiswano, kodwa nokuqhubeka nokuqhubeka kwaye ushiye umhlala-phantsi. Nangona kunjalo, kwimeko yokuqalisa kokusebenza koMthetho oYilwayo woPhuculo loBambiswano, kufuneka kugcinwe izinto ezininzi ezibalulekileyo malunga nomthetho osemthethweni okanye uxanduva. Kwi Law & More Siyaqonda ukuba ngalo mthetho mtsha usendleleni kusenokubakho imibuzo kunye nokungaqiniseki malunga nolu tshintsho. Ngaba ungathanda ukwazi ukuba ungeno olusebenzayo loMthetho oYilwayo woBambiswano lwaMva nje lithetha ntoni kwinkampani yakho? Okanye ngaba ufuna ukuhlala unolwazi malunga nalo mthetho uyilwayo kunye nolunye uphuhliso lomthetho olufanelekileyo kwicandelo lomthetho wequmrhu? Emva koko qhagamshelana Law & More. Amagqwetha ethu ziingcali kumthetho wequmrhu kwaye athatha indlela yobuqu. Bayakuvuyela ukukunika olunye ulwazi okanye ingcebiso!

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