Ukuthotyelwa kwicandelo lezomthetho laseDatshi

Intlungu yentlungu entlalweni ebizwa ngokuba "ukuthobela"

intshayelelo

Ngokwaziswa komthetho i-Dutch Anti-Money Laundering kunye ne-anti-Terrorist Financing Act (i-Wwft) kunye notshintsho olwenziweyo kulo mthetho weza ixesha elitsha lokujonga. Njengoko igama libonisa, i-Wwft yaziswa kumzamo wokulwa ukuxhaphaza imali kunye nokuxhasa ngezemali ubugrogrisi. Ayisiyo kuphela amaziko emali afana neebhanki, iinkampani zotyalo-mali kunye neenkampani zeinshurensi, kodwa namagqwetha, izazinzulu, iingxelo zemali kunye nobunye ubungqina obuninzi kufuneka baqiniseke ukuba bayayithobela le mithetho. Le nkqubo, kubandakanya iseti yamanyathelo ekufuneka athatyathwe ukuze kuthotyelwe le mithetho, ichazwa ngegama elithi 'ukuthobela' ngokubanzi. Ukuba imigaqo ye-Wwft yophulwe, isohlwayo esingahlawulwanga sinokulandela. Ukuqala kokubona, ulawulo lwe-Wwft lubonakala lusengqiqweni, kwakungekho ngenxa yokuba i-Wwft ikhule yaba yintlungu yokwenene entanyeni, ukulwa nokungaphezulu kobugrogrisi kunye nabathengisi bemali kuphela: ulawulo olululo kwimisebenzi yomntu.

Uphando lwabathengi

Ukuze kuthotyelwe i-Wwft, la maziko sele ekhankanyiwe kufuneka enze uphando lwabathengi. Nakuphi na (okwenzelwe) ukuthengiselana ngokungaqhelekanga kufuneka kuxelwe kwiCandelo lobuNhloli bezezimali laseDatshi. Kwimeko apho iziphumo zophando aziboneleli zinkcukacha zichanekileyo okanye zingenangxaki okanye iimeko zophando zikhomba kwimisebenzi engekho mthethweni okanye ewela kwicandelo elinomngcipheko omkhulu phantsi kweWwft, iziko malizale iinkonzo zalo. Uphando lwabathengi ekufuneka luqhutywa luyacaciswa kwaye nawuphina umntu ofunda iWwft uya kubanjwa ngendlela ebanzi yezivakalisi ezide, amagatya anzima kunye nezalathiso ezinzima. Yiloo nto ngokwayo. Ukongeza, uninzi lweesuphavayiza ze-Wwft zikhuphe eyabo incwadi enobunkunkqele be-Wwft. Okokugqibela, ayisiyiyo kuphela into eyaziwa ngumthengi ngamnye, ukuba ngumntu nawuphi na umntu wendalo okanye owasemthethweni ozelwe lurhwebo kunye naye okanye ozokwenzelwa yena, kodwa nokwazisa ngomnini / (umnikazi) oyinzuzo ( I-UBO), enokubakho kuBantu Abacacisiweyo Kwezobupolitika (PEPs) kunye nabameli babathengi kufuneka isekwe kwaye iqinisekiswe kamva. Iinkcazo zomthetho zamagama athi "UBO" kunye no "PEP" azicacanga kakhulu, kodwa zehle ngokulandelayo. Njengoko i-UBO iya kulungela umntu ngamnye wendalo ophethe ngokuthe ngqo okanye ngokungathanga ngqo ngaphezulu kwe-25% yenzuzo (yokwabelana) yenkampani, ingeyiyo inkampani edweliswe kwimarike yemasheya. I-PEP, ngokufutshane, ngumntu osebenza kwindawo yoluntu ebonakalayo. Ubungakanani bolu phando lwabathengi luya kuxhomekeka kwimeko ethile yokuvavanywa komngcipheko liziko. Uphando lungena kwizinto ezintathu ezizezinye: uphando oluqhelekileyo, uphando olulula kunye nophando oluqinisekisiweyo. Ukwenzela ukumisela nokuqinisekisa ukuba ngubani bonke aba bantu bakhankanywe apha ngasentla kunye nemibutho, uluhlu lwamaxwebhu luyimfuneko okanye luyafuneka, kuxhomekeka kuhlobo lophando. Ukujonga amaxwebhu afunekayo kunika iziphumo kolu longezelelo olungapheliyo: Iikopi (zokugcwalisa) iipasipoti okanye amanye amakhadi ezazisi, izicatshulwa ezivela kwiChamber of Commerce, amanqaku ombutho, irejista yabanini zabelo kunye nokujongwa kwakhona kwezakhiwo zenkampani. Kwimeko yophando olomeleleyo, kungafunwa amaxwebhu angaphezulu njengeekopi zeebhili zamandla, izivumelwano zomsebenzi, iingcaciso ngemivuzo kunye neengxelo zebhanki. Iziphumo ezikhankanywe apha ngasentla zitshintsha ekugxileni kude kumxumi kunye nolungiselelo lwenkonzo, ukunyanzeliswa okukhulu, iindleko ezongeziweyo, ukuphulukana nexesha, isidingo esinokuthi siqeshe abasebenzi ngenxa yokulahleka kwexesha, uxanduva lokufundisa abasebenzi kwimithetho yeWwft, abathengi abangacaphukisanga, kwaye ngaphezulu kwayo konke uloyiko lokwenza iimpazamo, njengoko, okokugqibela kodwa kungaphelelanga apho, uWwft ukhethe ukubeka uxanduva olukhulu lokuvavanya imeko nganye nganye kunye neenkampani ngokwazo ngokusebenza kunye nemigaqo evulekileyo. .

Iimpendulo: Kwithiyori

Ukungathobeli kuzisa inani leziphumo ezinokubakho. Okokuqala, xa iziko lisilela ukunika ingxelo (eyenzelwe) ukungaqhubeki okungaqhelekanga, iziko linetyala lolwaphulo-mthetho lwezoqoqosho phantsi komthetho wamaDatshi. Xa isiza kuphando lwabathengi, kukho iimfuno ezithile. Okokuqala iziko kufuneka likwazi ukwenza uphando. Okwesibini, abasebenzi beziko kufuneka babenakho ukubona into eyenzeka ngokungaqhelekanga. Ukuba iziko liye lasilela ukuthobela imithetho yeWwft, omnye wabaphathi abaphethe njengoko kuchongwe ngu-Wwft unokukhupha isohlwayo esonyukayo. Igunya lingakhupha intlawulo yolawulo, eqhelekileyo yahluke phakathi kwexabiso eliphakathi lee- € 10.000 kunye ne- € 4.000.000, kuxhomekeka kuhlobo lwetyala. Nangona kunjalo, i-Wwft ayisiyiyo kuphela into ebonelela izohlwayo nezohlwayo, njengoko umthetho weSanction ('Sanctiewet') nawo ungalityalwa. Umthetho weSanctions wamkelwa ukuze kuphunyezwe isohlwayo kumanye amazwe. Injongo yesohlwayo kukulungisa iintshukumo ezithile zamazwe, imibutho nabantu abazimeleyo ngokomzekelo bophula umthetho wamanye amazwe okanye amalungelo abantu. Njengezohlwayo, umntu unokucinga ngokugxunyekwa kwengalo, izohlwayo zemali kunye nezithintelo zokuhamba kubantu abathile. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, kudweliswe uluhlu lwezikhundla apho abantu okanye imibutho iboniswayo khona (kucingelwa ukuba) inxulumene nobunqolobi. Ngaphantsi koMthetho weSanctions, amaziko emali kufuneka athabathe amanyathelo olawulo ukuze aqinisekise ukuba bayayithobela imithetho yesohlwayo, besilela ukwenza ityala lolwaphulo-mthetho. Kwakhona kule meko, isohlwayo esonyukayo okanye isohlwayo sokulawula sinokukhutshwa.

Ithiyori iyenzeka?

Iingxelo zamazwe aphesheya ziveze ukuba iNetherlands yenza okuhle ekulweni nobugrogrisi nokuxhaphaza imali. Ke, oku kuthetha ntoni ngokwemiqathango yezithintelo ezibekiweyo kwimeko yokungahambelani? Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, uninzi lamagqwetha lukwazile ukucacisa ngokucacileyo kwaye izohlwayo beziyilwe ikakhulu njengezilumkiso okanye (imiqathango) yokumiswa. Oku kuye kwaba njalo kuninzi lwababhali kunye nabagcini zincwadi. Nangona kunjalo, ayinguye wonke umntu owanethamsanqa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. Ukungabhalisi nokuqinisekisa ubuchwephesha be-UBO sele kubangele ukuba inkampani enye ifumane imali eyi- $ 1,500. Umcebisi werhafu wafumana intlawulo ye- € 20,000, apho isixa- mali se-10,000 sasinemiqathango, kuba ngabom engaxeli ngentengiselwano engaqhelekanga. Sele kwenzekile ukuba igqwetha kunye ne-notary isuswe kwi-ofisi yabo. Nangona kunjalo, ezi sohlwayo zinzima zibangelwa kukophulwa kwe-Wws ngabom. Nangona kunjalo, isohlwayo esincinci esincinci, isilumkiso okanye ukunqunyanyiswa akuthethi ukuba isohlwayo asinanzwanga njengento enkulu. Emva kwayo yonke loo nto, izohlwayo zinokwenziwa esidlangalaleni, ukudala inkcubeko "yokuqamba amagama kunye nokutsala", ngokuqinisekileyo akuyi kulunga kwishishini.

isiphelo

I-Wwft ibonakalise ukuba iyimfuneko kodwa iseti yemithetho. Ngokukodwa uphando lwabathengi lwenza into ethile, ikakhulu ebangela ukuba kugxilwe kwelona shishini kwaye-okona kubaluleke kakhulu-ngumthengi, ilahleko yexesha kunye nemali hayi kwindawo yokugqibela abaxakekileyo abathengi. Kude kube ngoku, izohlwayo bezigcinwe ziphantsi, ngaphandle kokuhlawuliswa kwezi fayini. Ukuthiya igama kunye neentloni, nangona kunjalo, kukwangumbandela onokudlala indima enkulu. Nangona kunjalo, kubonakala ngathi i-Wwft ifikelela kwiinjongo zayo, nangona indlela yokuthotyelwa igcwele imiqobo, iintaba zokubhalwa kwamaphepha, ukoyikisa ukohlwaya kunye nokudubula kwesilumkiso.

ekugqibeleni

Ukuba unayo nayiphi na imibuzo okanye izimvo emva kokufunda eli nqaku, zive ukhululekile ukunxibelelana mr. UMaxim Hodak, igqwetha-mthetho-kwa- Law & More nge-maxim.hodak@lawandmore.nl okanye uMnu. UTom Meevis, igqwetha kumthetho Law & More nge tom.meevis@lawandmore.nl okanye usitsalele umnxeba ku + 31 (0) 40-3690680.

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