Ilungelo lokushicilela: lufumaneka nini esidlangalaleni?

Umthetho wepropathi enobunkunkqele uhlala ukhula kwaye ukhule ngokugqwesileyo kakhulu kutshanje. Oku kunokubonwa, phakathi kwezinye izinto, kumthetho welungelo lokushicilela. Kule mihla, phantse wonke umntu uku-Facebook, Twitter okanye kwi-Instagram okanye kwiwebhusayithi yakhe. Abantu ke ngoko benza umxholo ongaphezulu kunendlela ababeqhele ukwenza ngayo, osoloko upapashwa esidlangalaleni. Ngaphezulu, ukophulwa kwe-copyright kwenzeka rhoqo kunokuba kwenzeka ngexesha elidlulileyo, umzekelo kuba iifoto zipapashwa ngaphandle kwemvume kumnini okanye ngenxa yokuba i-intanethi yenza kube lula kubasebenzisi ukufikelela kumxholo ongekho semthethweni.

Ukupapashwa komxholo ngokunxulumene nelungelo lokushicilela kudlale indima ebalulekileyo kwizigwebo ezithathu zakutsha nje ezivela kwiNkundla yezoBulungisa ye-European Union. Kwezi meko, umxholo 'wokwenza ukuba uluntu lube nokufumaneka' lwasixoxwa. Ngokucacileyo, kuye kwaxutyushwa ukuba ngaba la manyathelo alandelayo angawela kwinqanaba 'lokwenza ukuba kufumaneke esidlangalaleni':

  • Ukupapasha i-hyperlink kwiifoto ezipapashwe ngokungekho semthethweni, ezivuthiweyo
  • Ukuthengisa abadlali beendaba ezinikezela ngokufikelela kumxholo wedijithali ngaphandle kwemvume yabanini bamalungelo ngokubhekiselele kulo mxholo
  • Ukuququzelela inkqubo evumela abasebenzisi ukuba bakwazi ukulandelela kunye nokukopa imisebenzi ekhuselweyo (iPirate Bay)

'Ukwenza ukuba kufumaneke esidlangalaleni', ngokwe Nkundla, akufuneki kusondelwe kubuchwepheshe, kodwa ngokusebenzayo. Ngokwejaji yaseYurophu, izingqinisiso kwimisebenzi ekhuselweyo enelungelo lokushicilela egcinwe kwenye indawo ilinganiswe, umzekelo, ukubonelelwa ngeDVD ekhutshelwe ngokungekho semthethweni[1] Kwiimeko ezinjalo, kusenokubakho ukophulwa kwelungelo lokushicilela. Ngaphantsi komthetho welungelo lokushicilela, sibona ukukhula okugxila ngakumbi kwindlela abathengi bafumana ukufikelela kuyo kumxholo.

Funda ngakumbi: http://assets.budh.nl/advocatenblad/pdf/ab_10_2017.pdf

[1] ISanoma / GeenStijl: ECLI: EU: C: 2016: 644; BREIN / Filmspeler: ECLI: EU: C: 2017: 300; BREIN / Ziggo & XS4ALL: ECLI: EU: C: 2017: 456.

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