Iidilesi ze-imeyile kunye nobubanzi be-GDPR. Inkqubo yokuKhuselwa kweDatha ngokubanzi

Kwi 25th kaMeyi, umGaqo-nkqubo oKhuselekileyo woKhuseleko lweDatha (i-GDPR) uza kuqala ukusebenza. Ngokufakelwa kwe-GDPR, ukukhuselwa kweenkcukacha zobuqu kuya kuqala ukubaluleka. Iinkampani kufuneka zithathele ingqalelo ngemithetho engqongqo ngakumbi malunga nokhuseleko lwedatha. Nangona kunjalo, imibuzo eyahlukeneyo iphakama ngenxa yokufakelwa kwe-GDPR. Kwiinkampani, kunokuba kungacacanga ukuba yeyiphi idatha ethathwa njengedatha yobuqu kwaye iwele phantsi komgangatho we-GDPR. Oku kunjalo ngeedilesi ze-imeyile: Ngaba idilesi ye-imeyile ithathwa njengedatha yobuqu? Ngaba iinkampani ezisebenzisa iidilesi ze-imeyile ziphantsi kwe-GDPR? Le mibuzo iza kuphendulwa kweli nqaku.

Idatha yakho

Ukuze uphendule umbuzo wokuba ngaba idilesi ye-imeyile ithathwa njengedatha yobuqu, igama elithi iinkcukacha zobuqu kufuneka lichazwe. Eli gama licacisiwe kwi-GDPR. Ngokusekwe kwinqaku le-4 sub GDPR, ulwazi lomntu buqu lithetha naluphi na ulwazi olunxulumene nomntu ochongiweyo okanye owaziwayo. Umntu wendalo owaziwayo ngumntu onokuchongwa, ngokuthe ngqo okanye ngokungathanga ngqo, ngokubhekisele kwisazisi esinegama, inombolo yokuchonga, idatha yendawo okanye isikhombi esise-intanethi. Idatha yobuqu ibhekisa kubantu bendalo. Ke, ulwazi malunga nabantu abaswelekileyo okanye amaziko asemthethweni awuthathwa njengedatha yobuqu.

Iidilesi ze-imeyile kunye nobubanzi be-GDPR

 

Idilesi yemeyile

Ngoku ukuba inkcazo yedatha yobuqu ichongiwe, kufuneka inyanzelwe ukuba idilesi ye-imeyile ithathwa njengedatha yobuqu. Umthetho wamatyala waseDatshi ubonakalisa ukuba iidilesi ze-imeyile kunokuba yidatha yobuqu, kodwa oku akusoloko kunjalo. Kuxhomekeke ekubeni umntu ochongiweyo okanye ochongiweyo okanye onokuchongwa ngokusekelwe kwidilesi ye-imeyile. [1] Indlela abantu abazicwangcise ngayo iidilesi zabo ze-imeyile kufuneka ithathelwe ingqalelo ukumisela ukuba ingaba idilesi ye-imeyile inokubonwa njengedatha yobuqu okanye hayi. Uninzi lwabantu bendalo luyila idilesi ye-imeyile ngendlela yokuba idilesi kufuneka ithathelwe ingqalelo njengedatha yobuqu. Umzekelo wecala xa idilesi ye-imeyile yakhiwe ngale ndlela ilandelayo: firstname.lastname@gmail.com. Le dilesi ye-imeyile ibhengeza igama negama lokugqibela lomntu wendalo osebenzisa idilesi. Ke ngoko, lo mntu unokuchongwa ngokusekwe kule dilesi ye-imeyile. Iidilesi ze-imeyile ezisetyenziselwa imisebenzi yeshishini nazo zinokuqulatha idatha yobuqu. Yiyo imeko xa idilesi ye-imeyile yakhiwe ngale ndlela ilandelayo: initials.lastname@nameofcompany.com. Kule dilesi ye-imeyile kunokufumaneka ukuba zeziphi iziqalo zomntu osebenzisa idilesi ye-imeyile, ukuba ngubani igama lakhe lokugqibela kwaye usebenza phi lo mntu. Ke ngoko, umntu osebenzisa le dilesi ye-imeyile uyabonakala ngokusekwe kwidilesi ye-imeyile.

Idilesi ye-imeyile ayithathwa njengedatha yobuqu xa kungekho mntu wendalo onokuchongwa kuyo. Injalo imeko xa kusetyenziswa le dilesi ye-imeyile ilandelayo: puppy12@hotmail.com. Le dilesi ye-imeyile ayinayo nayiphi na idatha anokuchongwa kuyo umntu wendalo. Iidilesi ze-imeyile ngokubanzi ezisetyenziswa ziinkampani, ezinje nge info@nameofcompany.com, nayo ayithathwa njengedatha yobuqu. Le dilesi ye-imeyile ayinalo naluphi na ulwazi lomntu anokufunyanwa kulo umntu wendalo. Ngapha koko, idilesi ye-imeyile ayisetyenziswanga ngumntu wendalo, kodwa ngumbutho osemthethweni. Ke ngoko, ayithathwa njengedatha yobuqu. Ukusuka kumthetho wamatyala waseDatshi kunokugqitywa ekubeni iidilesi ze-imeyile zinokuba ziidatha zobuqu, kodwa oku akusoloko kunjalo; kuxhomekeke kubume bedilesi ye-imeyile.

Kukho ithuba elihle lokuba abantu bendalo banokuchongwa ngedilesi ye-imeyile abayisebenzisayo, eyenza iidilesi ze-imeyile idatha yobuqu. Ukulungiselela iidilesi ze-imeyile yeklasi njengedatha yobuqu, akunandaba ukuba inkampani iyazisebenzisa ngokwenene iidilesi ze-imeyile ukuze ichonge abasebenzisi. Nokuba inkampani ayisebenzisi iidilesi ze-imeyile ngenjongo yokuchonga abantu ngokwendalo, iidilesi ze-imeyile apho abantu banokuchongwa khona basenokuthathwa njengedatha yobuqu. Ayisiyo yonke intsebenzo yezobuchwephesha okanye eyonxibelelwano phakathi komntu nedatha eyaneleyo ukuze umntu aqokelele idatha njengedatha yakhe. Ukanti, ukuba kunokwenzeka ukuba zikho iidilesi ze-imeyile zinokusetyenziswa ukuze zichonge abasebenzisi, umzekelo ukufumana iimeko zobuqhetseba, iidilesi ze-imeyile ziqwalaselwa njengezolwazi lomntu. Kule, akunandaba nokuba inkampani ihlose ukusebenzisa iidilesi ze-imeyile ngenxa yesi sizathu. Umthetho uthetha ngedatha yobuqu xa kunokwenzeka ukuba idatha ingasetyenziselwa injongo echaza umntu onjalo. [2]

Idatha yobuqu ekhethekileyo

Ngelixa iidilesi ze-imeyile zithathwa njengezona datha zobuqu kuninzi lwexesha, azizizo iinkcukacha ezikhethekileyo zobuqu. Idatha ekhethekileyo yomntu yidata eyazisa ulwazi lobuzwe okanye imvelaphi yobuhlanga, izimvo zopolitiko, iinkolo zenkolo okanye intanda-bulumko okanye ubulungu bezorhwebo, kunye nedatha yemfuzo okanye yebhayometri. Oku kuvela kwinqaku le-9 GDPR. Kwakhona, idilesi ye-imeyile iqulethe ulwazi oluphantsi koluntu kunokuba umzekelo idilesi yasekhaya. Kunzima ngakumbi ukufumana ulwazi kwidilesi ye-imeyile yomntu kunedilesi yakhe yekhaya kwaye kuxhomekeke kwinxalenye enkulu yomsebenzisi kwidilesi ye-imeyile ukuba kungenjalo idilesi ye-imeyile ayenziwa esidlangalaleni. Ngaphaya koko, ukufunyanwa kwedilesi ye-imeyile ebekumele ukuba ihlala ifihliwe, kuneziphumo ezibi kakhulu kunokufumana idilesi yasekhaya ebekumele ukuba ifihliwe. Kulula ukutshintsha idilesi ye-imeyile kunedilesi yasekhaya kunye nokufumanisa idilesi ye-imeyile kunokukhokelela ekunxibelelaneni kwidijithali, ngelixa ukufumanisa idilesi yasekhaya kungakhokelela ekunxibelelaneni ngokwakho. [3]

Ukulungiswa kwedatha yobuqu

Sifumene ukuba iidilesi ze-imeyile ziqwalaselwa njengezona nkcukacha zihamba nexesha elininzi. Nangona kunjalo, i-GDPR isebenza kuphela kwiinkampani ezenza idatha yobuqu. Ukuqhubekeka kwedatha yobuqu ikhona kuzo zonke iintshukumo ngokubhekisele kwidatha yomuntu siqu. Oku kuchazwa ngakumbi kwi-GDPR. Ngokwesiqendu 4 sub 2 GDPR, ukulungiswa kwedatha yobuqu kuthetha naluphi na umsebenzi owenziwayo kwidatha yobuqu, nokuba ayizenzeki okanye ayizenzeki. Imizekelo yingqokelela, ukurekhoda, ukucwangcisa, ukwakha, ukugcina kunye nokusebenzisa idatha yobuqu. Xa iinkampani zenza imisebenzi esele ikhankanyiwe malunga nedilesi ye-imeyile, zilungisa idatha yobuqu. Kwimeko enjalo, ziphantsi kwe-GDPR.

isiphelo

Ayizizo zonke iidilesi ze-imeyile ezithathwa ngokuba ziziqu zakho. Nangona kunjalo, iidilesi ze-imeyile zithathwa njengedatha yobuqu xa zinikezela ngolwazi oluchazayo malunga nomntu wendalo. Iidilesi ezininzi ze-imeyile zilungelelaniswe ngendlela umntu yendalo osebenzisa idilesi ye-imeyile anokuchongwa ngayo. Le yimeko xa idilesi ye-imeyile inegama okanye indawo yomsebenzi yendalo. Ke, iidilesi ezininzi ze-imeyile ziya kuqwalaselwa njengedatha yomntu. Kunzima kwiinkampani ukwenza umahluko phakathi kweedilesi ze-imeyile ezijongwa njengedatha yomntu kunye nedilesi ye-imeyile engeyiyo, kuba oku kuxhomekeke ngokupheleleyo kubume bedilesi ye-imeyile. Ke ngoko, kukhuselekile ukuba iinkampani ezenza inkcukacha zobuqu, ziya kuza zidilesi ze-imeyile ezijongwa njengedatha yobuqu. Oku kuthetha ukuba eziinkampani ziphantsi kwe-GDPR kwaye kufuneka zisebenzise umgaqo-nkqubo wabucala ohambelana neGDPR.

[1] ECLI: NL: I-GHAMS: 2002: AE5514.

[2] Kamerstukken II Ngo-1979/80, 25 892, 3 (MvT).

[3] ECLI: NL: I-GHAMS: 2002: AE5514.

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