Ummiselo omtsha woKhuseleko oluNgcono lwe-EU kunye neziphumo zalo kumthetho waseDatshi

Kwiinyanga ezisixhenxe, imithetho yokhuselo lwedatha yaseYurophu iyakufumana olona tshintsho lukhulu kumashumi amabini eminyaka. Ukusukela ukuba zenziwa kwiminyaka ye-90, inani lolwazi lwedijithali esilwenzayo, esilibambayo, kwaye siligcina likhule kakhulu. [1] Ukubeka nje, urhulumente wakudala ebengasakulungelanga injongo kwaye ukhuseleko lwe-cyber lube yinto ebaluleke kakhulu kwimibutho kwi-EU yonke. Ukukhusela amalungelo abantu ngokubhekisele kwidatha yabo, umgaqo omtsha uza kuthatha indawo yoMgaqo woKhuseleko lweDatha 95/46 / EC: iGDPR Ummiselo awenzelwe nje ukukhusela nokuxhobisa bonke abemi beenkcukacha ze-EU zabucala, kodwa kwanokuvumelanisa idatha yemfihlo kwiYurophu iphela, kunye nokubumba indlela imibutho yommandla wonke eqonda ngayo imfihlo yedatha. [2]

Ukusebenza kunye noMthetho wokuPhunyezwa koMmiselo woKhuseleko lweDatha

Nangona i-GDPR iza kusebenza ngokuthe ngqo kuwo onke amaLungu angamaLungu, imithetho yesizwe iya kufuna ukulungiswa ukuze kulawulwe imiba ethile ye-GDPR. Ummiselo ubandakanya uninzi lweekhonsepthi ezivulekileyo kunye nemilinganiselo ekufuneka yenziwe ukuba ibunjiwe kwaye ibukhali ekusebenzeni. ENetherlands, iinguqu ezifanelekileyo zomthetho sele zipapashiwe kwimithetho yokuqala yesizwe. Ukuba iPalamente yeDatshi kwaye emva koko ivoti yedenate yaseDutch iyayithatha, umthetho wokuphunyezwa uza kusebenza. Okwangoku, akucaci ukuba le bhili iyakwamkelwa ngokusemthethweni ngaluphi na uhlobo, kuba ayikathunyelwa kwipalamente. Kuya kufuneka sibe nomonde, ixesha kuphela liza kuxela.

Ummiselo omtsha woKhuseleko oluNgcono lwe-EU kunye neziphumo zalo kumthetho waseDatshi

Izinto eziluncedo kunye nokungancedi

Ukunyanzeliswa kwe-GDPR kubandakanya, kunye nezinto ezingeloncedo. Olona ncedo lukhulu kukudityaniswa kwemigaqo eqhekekileyo. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, amashishini kuye kwafuneka athabathele ingqalelo kwimithetho yokukhuselwa kwedatha yamazwe angama-28. Ngaphandle kwezibonelelo ezininzi, i-GDPR iye yagxekwa ngokunjalo. I-GDPR iqulethe izibonelelo ezishiya igumbi lotoliko oluninzi. Inkqubo eyahlukileyo yamazwe angamalungu, ekhuthazwe yinkcubeko kunye nezinto eziphambili kubaphathi, ayinto engathandekiyo. Ngenxa yoko, indlela i-GDPR eya kufikelela ngayo kwiskim sayo sobumbano ayiqinisekile.

Umahluko phakathi kwe-GDPR kunye ne-DDPA

Kukho umahluko phakathi koMmiselo woKhuseleko lweDatha ngokubanzi kunye nomThetho woKhuseleko lweDatha. Owona mahluko ubalulekileyo uchazwe kwisahluko sesine sephepha elimhlophe. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesihlanu ku-Meyi ngo-25, i-DDPA iya kubhangiswa ngokupheleleyo okanye kakhulu. Lo mthetho mtsha uza kuba neziphumo ezibalulekileyo kungekuphela nje kubantu bemvelo kodwa nakumashishini. Ke ngoko, kubalulekile ukuba amashishini amaDatshi aqaphele lo mahluko kunye neziphumo. Ukwazi kwinto yokuba umthetho uyatshintsha, linyathelo lokuqala lokuhamba ngokuhambelana.

Ukuhamba ngokuhambelana nokuThobela

'Ndenza njani ukuba ndihambisane?', Ngumbuzo oosomashishini abaninzi abazibuza wona. Ukubaluleka kokuthotyelwa kwe-GDPR kucacile. Esona sibonelelo siphezulu sokusilela ekuthobeleni lo mmiselo sisiipesenti ezine zonyaka ophelileyo wokungeniswa kwehlabathi, okanye i-euro ezizigidi ezingama-20, nokuba yeyiphi ephezulu. Amashishini kufuneka acwangcise indlela, kodwa ahlala engawazi amanyathelo afanele ukuwathatha. Ngenxa yeso sizathu, eli phepha limhlophe linamanyathelo asebenzayo ukunceda ishishini lakho lilungiselele ukuthotyelwa kwe-GDPR. Xa kufikwa kumalungiselelo, intetho ethi 'uqale kakuhle yenziwe isiqingatha' ngokuqinisekileyo kufanelekile.

Inguqulelo epheleleyo yeli phepha mhlophe iyafumaneka ngale khonkco.

Iinkcukacha zoqhagamshelwano

Ukuba unemibuzo okanye izimvo emva kokufunda eli nqaku, nceda ukhululeke ukunxibelelana noMnumzana Mnu. UMaxim Hodak, igqwetha-mthetho-kwa- Law & More nge-maxim.hodak@lawandmore.nl okanye uMnu. UTom Meevis, igqwetha kumthetho Law & More nge tom.meevis@lawandmore.nl okanye utsalele umnxeba ku-31 (0) 40-369 06 80.

[1] M. Burgess, GDPR iya kutshintsha ukhuseleko lwedatha, i-Wired 2017.

[2] IiHttps://www.internetconsultatie.nl/uitvoeringswetavg/details.

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