Ummiselo omtsha woKhuseleko oluNgcono lwe-EU kunye neziphumo zalo kumthetho waseDatshi

Kwiinyanga ezisixhenxe, imithetho yaseYurophu yokukhuselwa kwedatha iya kutshintsha kakhulu kumashumi amabini eminyaka. Ukusukela oko zadalwa ngeminyaka yee-90s, isixa solwazi lwedijithali esiludalayo, silithimba, kwaye siligcina linyuke kakhulu. Ukubeka nje, ulawulo oludala lwalungasenakulunga ngenjongo kwaye ukhuseleko lwe-cyber lube ngumcimbi obaluleke ngakumbi kwimibutho kwi-EU iphela. Ukwenzela ukukhusela amalungelo abantu ngokubhekisele kwidatha yabo, ummiselo omtsha uza kuthatha indawo yoMyalelo woKhuseleko lweDatha 1/95 / EC: i-GDPR. Lo mmiselo awenzelwanga kuphela ukukhusela nokuxhobisa bonke abemi benkonzo ye-EU babucala, kodwa ukwadibanisa nemithetho yemfihlo yedatha kwi-Yurophu iphela, kunye nokuyila indlela yemibutho ejikeleze ulwazi lwangasese. [46]

Ukusetyenziswa kunye nomThetho wokuPhumeza uLwazi loKhuseleko lweDatha ngokubanzi

Nangona i-GDPR iza kusebenza ngokuthe ngqo kuwo onke amaLungu angamaLungu, imithetho yesizwe iya kufuna ukulungiswa ukuze kulawulwe imiba ethile ye-GDPR. Ummiselo ubandakanya uninzi lweekhonsepthi ezivulekileyo kunye nemilinganiselo ekufuneka yenziwe ukuba ibunjiwe kwaye ibukhali ekusebenzeni. ENetherlands, iinguqu ezifanelekileyo zomthetho sele zipapashiwe kwimithetho yokuqala yesizwe. Ukuba iPalamente yeDatshi kwaye emva koko ivoti yedenate yaseDutch iyayithatha, umthetho wokuphunyezwa uza kusebenza. Okwangoku, akucaci ukuba le bhili iyakwamkelwa ngokusemthethweni ngaluphi na uhlobo, kuba ayikathunyelwa kwipalamente. Kuya kufuneka sibe nomonde, ixesha kuphela liza kuxela.

Ummiselo omtsha woKhuseleko oluNgcono lwe-EU kunye neziphumo zalo kumthetho waseDatshi

Izinto eziluncedo kunye nezinto eziluncedo

Ukunyanzeliswa kwe-GDPR kubandakanya, kunye nezinto ezingeloncedo. Olona ncedo lukhulu kukudityaniswa kwemigaqo eqhekekileyo. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, amashishini kuye kwafuneka athabathele ingqalelo kwimithetho yokukhuselwa kwedatha yamazwe angama-28. Ngaphandle kwezibonelelo ezininzi, i-GDPR iye yagxekwa ngokunjalo. I-GDPR iqulethe izibonelelo ezishiya igumbi lotoliko oluninzi. Inkqubo eyahlukileyo yamazwe angamalungu, ekhuthazwe yinkcubeko kunye nezinto eziphambili kubaphathi, ayinto engathandekiyo. Ngenxa yoko, indlela i-GDPR eya kufikelela ngayo kwiskim sayo sobumbano ayiqinisekile.

Umahluko phakathi kwe-GDPR kunye ne-DDPA

Kukho umahluko phakathi koMmiselo woKhuseleko lweDatha ngokubanzi kunye nomThetho woKhuseleko lweDatha. Owona mahluko ubalulekileyo uchazwe kwisahluko sesine sephepha elimhlophe. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesihlanu ku-Meyi ngo-25, i-DDPA iya kubhangiswa ngokupheleleyo okanye kakhulu. Lo mthetho mtsha uza kuba neziphumo ezibalulekileyo kungekuphela nje kubantu bemvelo kodwa nakumashishini. Ke ngoko, kubalulekile ukuba amashishini amaDatshi aqaphele lo mahluko kunye neziphumo. Ukwazi kwinto yokuba umthetho uyatshintsha, linyathelo lokuqala lokuhamba ngokuhambelana.

Ukuhamba ngokuhambelana nokuThobela

'Ndenza njani ukuba ndihambisane?', Ngumbuzo oosomashishini abaninzi abazibuza wona. Ukubaluleka kokuthotyelwa kwe-GDPR kucacile. Esona sibonelelo siphezulu sokusilela ekuthobeleni lo mmiselo sisiipesenti ezine zonyaka ophelileyo wokungeniswa kwehlabathi, okanye i-euro ezizigidi ezingama-20, nokuba yeyiphi ephezulu. Amashishini kufuneka acwangcise indlela, kodwa ahlala engawazi amanyathelo afanele ukuwathatha. Ngenxa yeso sizathu, eli phepha limhlophe linamanyathelo asebenzayo ukunceda ishishini lakho lilungiselele ukuthotyelwa kwe-GDPR. Xa kufikwa kumalungiselelo, intetho ethi 'uqale kakuhle yenziwe isiqingatha' ngokuqinisekileyo kufanelekile.

Inguqulelo epheleleyo yeli phepha mhlophe iyafumaneka ngale khonkco.

Iinkcukacha zoqhagamshelwano

Ukuba unemibuzo okanye izimvo emva kokufunda eli nqaku, nceda ukhululeke ukunxibelelana noMnumzana Mnu. UMaxim Hodak, igqwetha-mthetho-kwa- Law & More nge-maxim.hodak@lawandmore.nl okanye uMnu. UTom Meevis, igqwetha kumthetho Law & More via tom.meevis@lawandmore.nl or call +31 (0)40-369 06 80.

[1] M. Burgess, GDPR iya kutshintsha ukhuseleko lwedatha, i-Wired 2017.

[2] IiHttps://www.internetconsultatie.nl/uitvoeringswetavg/details.

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