Ukukhusela Iimfihlo Zorhwebo: Yintoni Ofanele Uyazi?

Umthetho weemfihlo zorhwebo (i-Wbb) ufake isicelo eNetherlands ukusukela ngo-2018. Lo Mthetho uzalisekisa isiKhokelo saseYurophu malunga nokudityaniswa kwemithetho ekukhuseleni ulwazi olungachazwanga kunye nolwazi lweshishini. Injongo yokungeniswa kwe-European Directive kukuthintela ukwahlulwa kwemithetho kuwo onke amaLungu amaLungu kwaye ke oko kudale ukuqiniseka kwezomthetho kusomashishini. Ngaphambi kwelo xesha, kwakungekho mthetho ubekiweyo eNetherlands ukukhusela ulwazi olungachazwanga kunye nolwazi lweshishini kwaye isisombululo kufuneka sifunwe kumthetho wesivumelwano, okanye ngakumbi kwimfihlo kunye namagatya angakhuphisani. Phantsi kweemeko ezithile, imfundiso yokuhlambalaza okanye indlela yomthetho wolwaphulo-mthetho ikwanikeze nesisombululo. Ukuqala kokusebenza koMthetho weeMfihlo zezoRhwebo, wena njengomrhwebi uza kuba nelungelo elisemthethweni lokuqalisa iinkqubo zomthetho xa iimfihlo zakho zorhwebo zifunyenwe ngokungekho mthethweni, zichazwa okanye zisetyenziswa. Yintoni kanye kanye ethethwa ziimfihlo zorhwebo kwaye nini kwaye ngawaphi amanyathelo onokuwathatha ngokuchasene nokwaphula imfihlo yakho yorhwebo, unokufunda apha ngezantsi.

Ukukhusela Iimfihlo Zorhwebo: Yintoni Ofanele Uyazi? Umfanekiso

Yintoni imfihlo yorhwebo?

imfihlelo. Ngokujonga inkcazo kwiNqaku 1 loMthetho weZimfihlakalo zorhwebo, ulwazi lweshishini akufuneki lwaziwe ngokubanzi okanye lufikeleleke ngokulula. Akunjalo nakwiingcali ezihlala zijongana nolwazi olunjalo.

Ixabiso lorhwebo. Ukongeza, i-Trade Secrets Act icacisa ukuba ulwazi lweshishini kufuneka lube nexabiso lentengiso kuba liyimfihlo. Ngamanye amagama, ukufumana ngokungekho mthethweni, ukusebenzisa okanye ukubhengeza oko kunokuba yingozi kwishishini, kwimali okanye kwizicwangciso-qhinga okanye kwindawo yokhuphiswano losomashishini onalo olo lwazi ngokusemthethweni.

Amanyathelo afanelekileyo. Okokugqibela, ulwazi lweshishini kufuneka luxhomekeke kumanyathelo afanelekileyo okugcina luyimfihlo. Kule meko, unokucinga, umzekelo, ukhuseleko lwedijithali lwenkampani yakho yolwazi ngokusebenzisa iipassword, ukubethela okanye isoftware yokhuseleko. Amanyathelo afanelekileyo abandakanya imfihlo kunye namagatya angakhuphisani kwingqesho, izivumelwano zokusebenzisana kunye neenkqubo zomsebenzi. Ngale ndlela, le ndlela yokukhusela ulwazi lweshishini iya kuhlala ibalulekile. Law & MoreAmagqwetha ziingcali kwimvumelwano kunye nomthetho wenkampani kwaye bayakuvuyela ukukunceda uyile okanye uphonononge ubumfihlo bakho kunye nezivumelwano ezingakhuphisani kunye namagatya

Inkcazo yeemfihlo zorhwebo ezichazwe apha ngasentla zibanzi kakhulu. Ngokubanzi, iimfihlo zorhwebo ziya kuba lulwazi olunokusetyenziselwa ukwenza imali. Ngokwemigaqo ephathekayo, ezi ntlobo zolwazi zilandelayo zinokuqwalaselwa kule meko: iinkqubo zokuvelisa, iifomula kunye neeresiphi, kodwa kunye neengcinga, idatha yophando kunye neefayile zabathengi.

Xa kukho ulwaphulo-mthetho?

Ngaba ulwazi lwakho lweshishini luyahlangabezana neemfuno ezintathu zenkcazo yezomthetho kwiNqaku loku-1 loMthetho weZimfihlakalo zorhwebo? Ke ulwazi lwenkampani yakho lukhuselwe ngokuzenzekelayo njengemfihlo yorhwebo. Akukho sicelo (ngakumbi) okanye ubhaliso olufunekayo koku. Kwimeko enjalo, ukufumana, ukusebenzisa okanye ukwenza esidlangalaleni ngaphandle kwemvume, kunye nemveliso, ukunikezela okanye ukuthengisa izinto ezaphula umthetho ngabanye abantu, akukho semthethweni, ngokweNqaku lesi-2 loMthetho weeMfihlo zezoRhwebo. Xa kuziwa ekusetyenzisweni ngokungekho mthethweni kweemfihlo zorhwebo, oku kunokubandakanya, umzekelo, ukwaphula isivumelwano sokungachazi esinxulumene nale okanye nesinye (ikhontrakthi) uxanduva lokunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kwemfihlo yorhwebo. Ngesiqhelo, i-Trade Secrets Act ikwabonelela kwi-Article 3 ngaphandle kokufunyanwa ngokungekho mthethweni, ukusetyenziswa okanye ukubhengezwa kunye nemveliso, ukunikezelwa okanye ukuthengiswa kwempahla eyaphulayo. Umzekelo, ukufunyanwa ngokungekho mthethweni kwemfihlo yezorhwebo akuthathwa njengokufumana ngokuzimeleyo okanye 'ngobunjineli obuguquliweyo', okt. uluntu okanye ukufunyanwa kufunyenwe ngokusemthethweni.

Amanyathelo ngokuchasene nokwaphula umthetho ngasese

UMthetho weeMfihlo zezoRhwebo ubonelela oosomashishini ngeendlela zokuchasana nokuphulwa kweemfihlo zabo zorhwebo. Enye yezinto ezinokwenzeka, echazwe kwiNqaku 5 loMthetho okhankanywe apha ngasentla, ichaphazela isicelo kwijaji yokuqala yokunceda ukuba ithathe amanyathelo okwexeshana kunye nokukhusela. Amanyathelo ethutyana axhalabisayo, umzekelo, ukuthintela a) ukusetyenziswa okanye ukubhengezwa kwemfihlo yorhwebo okanye b) ukuvelisa, ukunikela, ukubeka kwindawo yentengiso okanye ukusebenzisa izinto ezichasayo, okanye ukusebenzisa ezo mpahla ngeenjongo. ukungena, ukuthumela ngaphandle okanye ukugcina. Amanyathelo okhuseleko nawo abandakanya ukuxhwilwa okanye ukubhengezwa kweempahla ezikrokrelwa ukuba zaphulwe umthetho.

Enye into enokwenzeka ukuba usomashishini, ngokwe-Article 6 yoMthetho woKhuselo lweMfihlakalo yoRhwebo, ilele kwisicelo kwinkundla yokufaneleka ukuba iyalele ukungcangcazela kwezomthetho kunye namanyathelo okulungisa. Oku kubandakanya, umzekelo, ukukhumbula izinto ezophula umthetho ezivela kwintengiso, ukonakaliswa kwempahla equlathe okanye yokusebenzisa iimfihlo zorhwebo kunye nokubuyiselwa kwezi ziphathi zedatha kumnini wemfihlo yorhwebo. Ngapha koko, usomashishini angafaka ibango kwimpazamo ngokwenqaku le-8 loMthetho woKhuseleko loMhlaba. Kukwanjalo ke nakukugwetywa komaphuli-mthetho kwiindleko zomthetho ezifanelekileyo nezilinganayo kunye nezinye iindleko ezenziweyo ngusomashishini njengeqela elihlanganisiweyo, kodwa emva koko kudlule kwiNqaku le-1019ie DCCP.

Iimfihlo zorhwebo ke yinto ebalulekileyo koosomashishini. Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi ukuba ulwazi oluthile lwenkampani lolwemfihlo yakho yorhwebo? Ngaba uthathe amanyathelo okhuseleko awoneleyo? Okanye sele ujongene nokophula iimfihlo zakho zorhwebo? Emva koko qhagamshelana Law & More. at Law & More Siyaqonda ukuba ukwaphulwa kwemfihlo yakho yorhwebo kunokuba neziphumo ezibi kakhulu kuwe nakwinkampani yakho, kwaye inyathelo elaneleyo liyafuneka ngaphambili nasemva koko. Yiyo loo nto amagqwetha e Law & More sebenzisa indlela yobuqu kodwa ecacileyo. Bekunye nawe, bahlalutya le meko kwaye bacwangcise amanyathelo azakuthathwa. Ukuba kukho imfuneko, amagqwetha ethu, aziingcali kwicandelo lomthetho wenkqubo kunye nenkqubo, nawo ayavuya ukukunceda nakweziphi na iinkqubo.

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