Ukuzalela umntu eNetherlands

Ukukhulelwa, ngelishwa, ayisiyonto ilungileyo kuwo wonke umzali onomnqweno wokuba nabantwana. Ukongeza kwimeko yokwamkelwa komntwana ngumntu ongamzelanga ibengowakhe, ukumitha umntwana wabanye abantu kunokuba yinto enokumiselwa ngumzali ekulindeleke ukuba amkelwe. Okwangoku, ukumitha umntwana wabanye abantu akulawulwa ngumthetho eNetherlands, owenza imeko yezomthetho yabazali ekujongwe ukuba ibekho kunye nomama ongamfumani akacaci. Umzekelo, kuthekani ukuba umama ngokwesivumelwano ufuna ukugcina umntwana emva kokuzalwa okanye abazali ekujongwe ukuba bangafuni ukumsa kusapho lwabo? Kwaye ngaba ngokuzenzekelayo uba ngumzali osemthethweni womntwana ekuzalweni? Eli nqaku liza kuyiphendula le mibuzo neminye emininzi. Ukongeza, uyilo 'loMntwana, ukumela umntwana wabanye abantu, kunye nomthetho oyilwayo wokuba ngumzali' kuyaxoxwa.

Ukuzalela umntu kumfanekiso waseNetherlands

Ngaba ukuvunyelwa ngokwesivumelwano kuvunyelwe eNetherlands?

Ukuziqhelanisa kubonelela ngeendlela ezimbini zokuzimela, zombini zivunyelwe eNetherlands. Ezi fom zenzelwa ngokwesiko kunye nokukhulelwa.

Ukusondela ngokwesiko

Ngokwenziwa ngokwesiko ngokwesiko, kusetyenziswe iqanda lokumithisa umntwana ngokwesivumelwano. Oku kukhokelela kwinto yokuba ngokwesibeleko ngokwesiko lwesiqhelo, umama ngokwesivumelwano uhlala engunina wemfuza. Ukukhulelwa kuziswa kukudibana nesidoda sikatata omfunayo okanye umnikeli (okanye uziswe ngokwendalo). Akukho zimfuno zomthetho zikhethekileyo zokwenza ngokwesivumelwano ngokwesiko. Ngapha koko, akukho ncedo lonyango luyafuneka.

Ukumitha ngokwesini

Uncedo lwezonyango, kwelinye icala, luyimfuneko kwimeko yesivumelwano sokukhulelwa. Kule meko, ukuchumisa kwe-ectopic kuqala kwenziwa nge-IVF. Emva koko, umbungu ochumileyo ufakwa kwisibeleko sikamama obambeleyo, ngenxa yoko kwiimeko ezininzi ayingomama womntwana wemfuza. Ngenxa yongenelelo ngoncedo oluyimfuneko, iimfuno ezingqongqo zisebenza kule ndlela yokuzimela eNetherlands. Oku kubandakanya ukuba bobabini abazali ekujongwe kubo banxulumene nemfuza ngokunxulumene nomntwana, ukuba kukho imfuneko yonyango kulowo ekujoliswe kuye, ukuba abazali ekujoliswe kubo ngokwabo bafumane umama ngokwesivumelwano, kwaye bobabini abasetyhini bawela phakathi kweminyaka yobudala (ukuya kuthi ga kwiminyaka engama-43 Umnikeli weqanda ukuya kuthi ga kwiminyaka engama-45 yomama obelekileyo).

Uthintelo kukhuthazo (lwentengiso) lokumela umntwana

Inyani yokuba ukwamkelwa ngokwesiko ngokwesiko kunye nokukhulelwa kuvunyelwe eNetherlands ayithethi ukuba umntu ozimeleyo uhlala evunyelwe. Ewe i-Penal Code icacisa ukuba ukukhuthazwa kwe-surrogacy akuvumelekanga. Oku kuthetha ukuba akukho ziko lewebhu linokubhengeza ukukhuthaza ukubonelelwa kunye nemfuno malunga nokuzalelwa kwelinye umntwana. Ukongeza, abazali ekujoliswe kubo abavumelekanga ukuba bafune umama ngokwesivumelwano esidlangalaleni, umz. Oku kuyasebenza ngokuchaseneyo: umama ngokwesivumelwano akavumelekanga ukuba ajonge abazali ekujongwe kubo. Ukongeza, oomama ngokwesivumelwano abanakufumana mbuyekezo yezemali, ngaphandle kweendleko (zonyango) abazifumanayo.

Isivumelwano sokumela umntu obambeleyo

Ukuba u-surrogacy ukhethiwe, kubaluleke kakhulu ukwenza izivumelwano ezicacileyo. Ngokwesiqhelo, oku kwenziwa ngokudweba isivumelwano se-surrogacy. Le yimvumelwano engena fomu, ke zonke iintlobo zezivumelwano zinokwenziwa kokubini umama wokumela umntwana kunye nabazali ekujongwe kubo. Ngokwenza oko, ikhontrakthi enjalo kunzima ukuyinyanzelisa ngokusemthethweni, kuba ibonwa ngokuchasene nokuziphatha. Ngesi sizathu, ukubambisana ngokuzithandela kwabo bobabini abazali abaza kubathuma kunye nabazali ekujongwe kubo kubaluleke kakhulu. Umama ngokwesivumelwano akanakunyanzelwa ukuba anikezele ngomntwana emva kokuzalwa kwaye abazali ekujongwe ukuba babenabo abanyanzelekanga ukuba bamthabathe bamse kusapho lwabo. Ngenxa yale ngxaki, abazali ekujoliswe kubo baya bekhetha ukujonga umama omnqabileyo kwelinye ilizwe. Oku kubangela iingxaki ekusebenzeni. Sithanda ukukubhekisa kwinqaku lethu ku Ukuzalelwa kwelinye ilizwe.

Ukuba ngumzali ngokusemthethweni

Ngenxa yokusilela kommiselo othile wezomthetho wokumitha umntwana wabanye abantu, wena njengomzali ekujongwe ukuba ungabi ngumzali osemthethweni ngokuzalwa komntwana. Kungenxa yokuba umthetho wobuzali waseDatshi usekwe kumgaqo wokuba umama wokuzalwa usoloko engumama osemthethweni womntwana, kubandakanya kwimeko yokumitha. Ukuba umama obambeleyo utshatile ngexesha lokuzalwa, iqabane likamama obambela umntwana ngokwesivumelwano liyaqondwa ngokuzenzekelayo njengomzali.

Kungenxa yoko le nkqubo ilandelayo isebenza ngokuziqhelanisa. Emva kokuzalwa kunye (ngokusemthethweni) isibhengezo soko, umntwana - ngemvume yeBhodi yoKhathalelo loMntwana kunye neBhodi yoKhuselo- uyanyaniswa nosapho lwabazali ekujongwe ukuba babekhona. Ijaji iyamsusa umama ngokwesivumelwano (kunye neqabane lakhe) kwigunya lobuzali, emva koko abazali ekujongwe ukuba babe ngabagcini. Emva kokuba abazali ekujongwe ukuba bakhathalele kwaye bakhulisa umntwana unyaka omnye, kunokwenzeka ukuba bamkhulise kunye kunye. Enye into enokwenzeka kukuba utata ocetywayo uyamvuma umntwana okanye ubuzali bakhe bumiselwe ngokusemthethweni (ukuba umama obambeleyo akatshatanga okanye ukuba ngumzali wendoda yakhe kuyaliwa). Umama ekujongwe kuye angamthatha umntwana emva konyaka omnye wokukhulisa nokukhathalela umntwana.

Uyilo lwesindululo somthetho

Uyilo 'loMthetho oYilwayo woMntwana, wokumela umntwana wabanye abantu kunye nokuba ngumzali' lujolise ekwenzeni lula le nkqubo ingentla yokufumana ukuba ngumzali. Ngokusekwe koku, ngaphandle kufakiwe kumgaqo wokuba umama wokuzalwa uhlala engumama osemthethweni, okt ngokunikezela ngokuba ngumzali emva kokumitha. Oku kunokucwangciswa ngaphambi kokukhulelwa ngenkqubo ekhethekileyo yesikhalazo ngumama ngokwesivumelwano kunye nabazali ekujongwe kubo. Makungeniswe isivumelwano se-surrogacy, esiza kuvavanywa yinkundla ngokwemiqathango yomthetho. Oku kubandakanya: onke amaqela aneminyaka yobudala yokuvuma kwaye ayavuma ukuthatha iingcebiso kwaye ngaphezulu komnye wabazali ekujongwe kubo unxulumene nemfuza nomntwana.

Ukuba inkundla iyayivuma inkqubo yokuzalela umntu othile, abazali ekujongwe ukuba babe ngabazali ngexesha lokuzalwa komntwana kwaye ke ngoko badwelisiwe njengabanjalo kwisiqinisekiso sokuzalwa somntwana. Phantsi kwesiVumelwano se-UN samalungelo omntwana, umntwana unelungelo lokuba nolwazi ngabazali bakhe. Ngesi sizathu, irejista isetwa apho kugcinwa khona ulwazi olunxulumene nokuba ngumzali kubazali nangokwasemthethweni ukuba lwahlukile omnye komnye. Okokugqibela, umthetho oyilwayo ubonelela ngokungafaniyo nesithintelo kulamlo ngokwesivumelwano ukuba oko kwenziwa ngumbutho ozimeleyo osemthethweni otyunjwe nguMphathiswa.

isiphelo

Nangona (ukuthengisa ngokwesiko kunye nokukhulelwa) kuvunyelwe eNetherlands, ukungabikho kwemigaqo ethile kungakhokelela kwinkqubo enengxaki. Ngexesha lenkqubo yokuzimela, amaqela abandakanyekayo (ngaphandle kwesivumelwano sesivumelwano) baxhomekeke kwintsebenziswano ngokuzithandela. Ukongeza, ayizenzekeli imeko eyenzelwe ukuba abazali bafumane ubuzali ngokusemthethweni phezu komntwana ngexesha lokuzalwa. Umthetho osayilwayo obizwa ngokuba 'ngumntwana, ukumitha kunye nokuba ngumzali' uzama ukucacisa inkqubo yezomthetho yawo onke amaqela abandakanyekayo ngokubonelela ngemithetho esemthethweni yokufumana umntwana. Nangona kunjalo, ukuqwalaselwa kwepalamente koku kuya kwenzeka kuphela kulawulo olulandelayo.

Ngaba uceba ukuqala inkqubo yokuzalela umntwana njengomzali ekujoliswe kuye okanye umama ngokwesivumelwano kwaye ungathanda ukuqhubeka ulawula imeko yakho yomthetho ngokwezivumelwano? Okanye ngaba ufuna uncedo ekufumaneni ubuzali ngokusemthethweni xa kuzalwa umntwana? Ke nceda unxibelelane Law & More. Amagqwetha ethu abaluleke kakhulu kumthetho wosapho kwaye bonwabile ngokuba yinkonzo.

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