I-ins kunye nokuphuma kwenkampani esemthethweni yamacandelo amabini

Inkampani esemthethweni enamanqanaba amabini yindlela ekhethekileyo yenkampani enokufaka isicelo kwi-NV kunye ne-BV (kunye nentsebenziswano). Ihlala icingelwa ukuba oku kusebenza kuphela kumaqela asebenza kumazwe aphesheya ngenxalenye yemisebenzi yabo eNetherlands. Nangona kunjalo, oku akuyomfuneko ukuba kube njalo; Inkqubo yolawulo inokusebenza msinyane kunokuba umntu ebengalindela. Ngaba le yinto ekufuneka ithintelwe okanye ikwanezibonelelo zayo? Eli nqaku lixoxa ngokungena nokuphuma kwenkampani esemthethweni yamacandelo amabini kwaye ikwenza ukuba wenze uvavanyo olululo lweziphumo zalo.

I-ins kunye nokuphuma kwenkampani esemthethweni yamacandelo amabini

Injongo yenkampani esemgangathweni yamacala amabini

Inkampani esemthethweni enamanqanaba amabini yaziswa kwinkqubo yethu yezomthetho ngenxa yokuphuhliswa kobunini bezabelo embindini wenkulungwane ephelileyo. Apho bekukho uninzi lwabanini zabelo abazinikeleyo ixesha elide, kuya kusiba yinto eqhelekileyo (nkqu nakwimali yepenshini) ukutyala imali ngokufutshane kwinkampani. Njengokuba oku kukhokelele ekubandakanyekeni okuncinci, iNtlanganiso kaWonke-wonke yabanini zabelo (emva koku 'yi-GMS') ibingakwazi ukulawula abaphathi. Oku kukhokelele kowowiso-mthetho ukuba azise inkampani esemthethweni yamacala amabini ngeminyaka yoo-1970: uhlobo olukhethekileyo lweshishini apho kufunwa khona ulawulo olungqongqo kulungelelwaniso phakathi kwabasebenzi nongxowankulu. Oku kulungelelaniswa kwenzelwe ukuba kufezekiswe ngokuqinisa imisebenzi kunye namagunya eBhodi yoLawulo (apha emva kwe-'SB ') nangokwazisa iBhunga lezeMisebenzi ngokuncamela amandla e-GMS.

Namhlanje, olu phuhliso kubunini zabelo lusabalulekile. Kuba indima yabanini zabelo kwiinkampani ezinkulu ayenzi nto, inokwenzeka into yokuba iqela elincinci labanini zabelo likhokele kwii-GMS kwaye linamandla amakhulu kulawulo. Ixesha elifutshane lobunini zabelo likhuthaza umbono wexesha elifutshane apho izabelo kufuneka zonyuke kwixabiso ngokukhawuleza. Lo ngumbono omxinwa weminqweno yenkampani, njengoko abathathi-nxaxheba benkampani (abafana nabasebenzi bayo) bexhamla kumbono wexesha elide. Ikhowudi yoLawulo oluHlanganisiweyo ithetha 'ngokudalwa kwexabiso kwexesha elide' kule meko. Yiyo loo nto inkampani enamacandelo amabini asemthethweni iyifom yenkampani ebalulekileyo namhlanje, ejolise ekulungiseni ulungelelwaniso lomdla wabachaphazelekayo.

Zeziphi iinkampani ezilungele ulawulo lobume?

Imithetho emiselweyo yamacandelo amabini (ekwabizwa ngokuba lolawulo lolwakhiwo okanye 'ulwakhiwo lwamaxesha' ngesiDatshi) akanyanzelekanga ngoko nangoko. Umthetho ubeka iimfuno ekufuneka inkampani ihlangabezane nazo ngaphambi kokuba isicelo sibe sisinyanzelo emva kwexesha elithile (ngaphandle kokuba kukho uxolelo, oluya kuxoxwa ngezantsi). Ezi mfuno zichazwe kwicandelo 2: 263 leDutch Civil Code ('DCC'):

  • The Imali ebhalisiweyo yenkampani Kunye noovimba abakhankanyiweyo kwiphepha lomncono kubandakanya imali echaziweyo Nangona isixa esimiselwe nguMmiselo wasebukhosini (okwangoku simiselwe € 16 yezigidi). Oku kubandakanya ukuthengwa kwakhona (kodwa kungarhoxiswa) izabelo kunye nolondolozo olufihliweyo njengoko kubonisiwe kumanqaku achazayo.
  • Inkampani, okanye inkampani exhomekeke kuyo, iseke ifayile ye- IBhunga leMisebenzi ngokusekwe kuxanduva olusemthethweni.
  • Ubuncinci abasebenzi be-100 eNetherlands baqeshiwe yinkampani kunye nenkampani exhomekeke kuyo. Into yokuba abasebenzi abekho kwisigxina okanye ngokusisigxina ayidlali ndawo koku.

Yintoni inkampani exhomekeke kuyo?

Umbono obalulekileyo ovela kwezi mfuno ngu inkampani exhomekeke. Kuhlala kukho ukungaqondani okuqinisekileyo ukuba imigaqo esemthethweni yamacandelo amabini ayisebenzi kwinkampani yabazali, umzekelo kuba ayisiyo nkampani yabazali eye yamisela iBhunga lezeMisebenzi kodwa yinkampani yenkxaso. Kukwabalulekile ke ukujonga ukuba iimeko ezithile kuhlangatyezwane nazo ngokumalunga nezinye iinkampani ezikwiqela. Ezi zinokubalwa njengeenkampani ezixhomekekileyo (ngokwenqaku 2: 152/262 DCC) ukuba zezi:

  1. Umntu osemthethweni apho inkampani okanye enye okanye iinkampani ezixhomekeke kuye, ngokukodwa okanye ngokudibeneyo kwaye ngenxa yayo okanye kwiakhawunti yabo, banegalelo ubuncinci sisiqingatha semali ebhalisiweyo,
  2. inkampani ene Ishishini libhalisiwe kwirejista yorhwebo eyenzela inkampani okanye inkampani exhomekeke kuyo Uxanduva olupheleleyo njengeqabane kumaqela esithathu kuwo onke amatyala.

Isicelo sokuzithandela

Okokugqibela, kunokwenzeka Ukufaka isicelo (epheleleyo okanye enciphisiweyo) inkqubo yebhodi enamanqanaba amabini ngokuzithandela. Kwimeko enjalo, kuphela yimfuno yesibini ngokubhekisele kwiBhunga leMisebenzi elisebenzayo. Imithetho emiselweyo yamacala amabini iyasebenza emva nje kokuba ibandakanyiwe kumanqaku enkampani.

Ukusekwa kwenkampani esemthethweni yamanqanaba amabini

Ukuba inkampani iyazifezekisa ezi mfuno zingasentla, ifaneleke ngokusemthethweni 'njengenkampani enkulu'. Oku kufuneka kuxelwe kwirejista yorhwebo kungaphelanga iinyanga ezimbini emva kokwamkelwa kweeakhawunti zonyaka yi-GMS. Ukushiyeka kolu bhaliso kubalwa njengesenzo esibi kwezoqoqosho. Ngapha koko, naliphi na iqela elinomdla ngokusemthethweni linokucela inkundla ukuba ibhalise. Ukuba olu bhaliso belukwirejista yorhwebo ngokuqhubekekayo iminyaka emithathu, indlela yolawulo iyasebenza. Ngelo xesha, amanqaku ombutho kufuneka alungisiwe ukuququzelela lo rhulumente. Ithuba lokusetyenziswa kwemigaqo emibini esemthethweni ayiqali ukusebenza de kwenziwe ubhaliso, nokuba ngaba isaziso besishiyiwe. Ubhaliso lunokuphazanyiswa okwethutyana ukuba inkampani ayisazifezekisi ezi mfuno zilapha ngasentla. Xa inkampani yaziswa ukuba iyathobela kwakhona, ixesha liqala ekuqaleni (ngaphandle kokuba ixesha liphazanyiswe ngokungalunganga).

(Inxalenye) uxolelo

Uxanduva lwesaziso alusebenzi kwimeko yokuxolelwa ngokupheleleyo. Ukuba ulwakhiwo lobume luyasebenza, oku kuyayeka ukubakho ngaphandle kwexesha lokuqalisa. Oku kukhululwa kulandelayo kulandela emthethweni:

  1. Inkampani ngu inkampani exhomekeke kwiziko elisemthethweni apho kusebenza khona ulwakhiwo olupheleleyo okanye oluncitshisiweyo. Ngamanye amagama, inkampani encedisayo iyaxolelwa ukuba (kuncitshisiwe) inkqubo yebhodi enamacala amabini isebenza kumzali, kodwa ngokuchaseneyo ayikhokeleli ekukhululweni komzali.
  2. The Inkampani isebenza njengolawulo kunye nenkampani yezemali kwiqela lamanye amazwe, Ngaphandle kokuba abasebenzi abaqeshwe yinkampani kunye neenkampani zamaqela uninzi lwabo luqeshwe ngaphandle kweNetherlands.
  3. Inkampani apho ubuncinci sisiqingatha semali ekhutshiweyo Uthatha inxaxheba kwi a indibaniselwano ngamacandelo amabini asemthethweni aphantsi kolawulo lobume.
  4. Inkampani yenkonzo yi iqela lehlabathi.

Kukwakho nolawulo oluncitshisiweyo okanye olubuthathaka lwamaqela amazwe, apho i-SB ingagunyaziswanga ukumisela okanye ukugxotha amalungu ebhodi yolawulo. Isizathu soku kukuba umanyano kunye nomgaqo-nkqubo kwiqela elinenkampani esemthethweni yamacala amabini yaphulwe. Oku kusebenza ukuba elinye lala matyala alandelayo avela:

  1. Inkampani (i) yinkampani yebhodi enamacandelo amabini (ii) ubuncinci kwisiqingatha semali ekhutshiweyo ebanjwe yinkampani yabazali (yaseDatshi okanye yabangaphandle) okanye inkampani exhomekeke kuyo (iii) uninzi lwayo iqela 'Abasebenzi basebenza ngaphandle kweNetherlands.
  2. Ubuncinci isiqingatha senkunzi ekhutshiweyo yenkampani esemgangathweni yamacala amabini ibanjwe ziinkampani ezimbini nangaphezulu phantsi kwe Uhambo oludibeneyo ulungelelwaniso (ilungiselelo lokusebenzisana), uninzi lwabasebenzi kwiqela labo basebenza ngaphandle kweNetherlands.
  3. Ubuncinci isiqingatha senkunzi ekhutshiweyo sigcinwe yinkampani yabazali okanye inkampani exhomekeke kuyo phantsi kolungiselelo lwentsebenziswano oluyinkampani esemthethweni yamacala amabini.

Iziphumo zolawulo lolwakhiwo

Xa ixesha liphelile, inkampani kufuneka ihlengahlengise amanqaku ayo ombutho ngokungqinelana nemimiselo esemthethweni elawula inkqubo yeebhodi ezimbini (amaNqaku 2: 158-164 eDCC yeNV kunye namaNqaku 2: 268-2: 274 ka iDCC ye-BV). Inkampani enamanqanaba amabini yahlukile kwinkampani yesiqhelo kula manqaku alandelayo:

  • The ukusekwa kwebhodi yokongamela (okanye ulwakhiwo lwebhodi enye ngokwe-Article 2: 164a / 274a yeDCC) inyanzelekile;
  • The I-SB iya kunikwa amandla abanzi ngokuncamela amandla e-GMS. Umzekelo, i-SB iya kunikwa amalungelo okuvunywa ngokubhekisele kwizigqibo ezibalulekileyo zolawulo kwaye (phantsi kolawulo olupheleleyo) iya kuba nakho ukumisela kunye nokugxotha abalawuli.
  • The Amalungu e-SB onyulwa yi-GMS ekutyunjweni yi-SB, elinye lawo kwisithathu lamalungu onyulwa liBhunga lezeMisebenzi.. Ukuqeshwa kunokukhatywa kuphela sisininzi esimele ubuncinci isinye kwisithathu senkunzi ekhutshiweyo.

Ngaba ulwakhiwo alulunganga?

Amandla amancinci, omzabalazo kunye nabanini zabelo abajolise ngokukodwa kwinzuzo banokuncitshiswa ngurhulumente wobume. Kungenxa yokuba i-SB, ngokwandiswa kwamagunya ayo, inokujolisa kuluhlu olubanzi lwezinto ezinomdla kwinkampani, kubandakanya nomdla wabanini zabelo, oxhamlisa abo bachaphazelekayo ngengqondo ebanzi kunye nokuqhubeka kwenkampani. Abasebenzi bafumana ifuthe elingakumbi kumgaqo-nkqubo wenkampani, kuba iBhunga lezeMisebenzi lonyula isinye kwisithathu se-SB.

Uthintelo lolawulo lwezabelo

Nangona kunjalo, inkampani enamacala amabini asemthethweni inokuba yinto engalunganga xa imeko inokuthi iphambuke kwindlela yabanini zabelo yexesha elifutshane. Kungenxa yokuba abanini zabelo abakhulu, abathi ngaphambili bayityebisa inkampani ngempembelelo yabo kunye nombono wexesha elide (umzekelo, kumashishini osapho), banomda kulawulo lwabo ngenkqubo yeebhodi ezimbini. Oku kunokwenza ukuba inkampani ingathandeki kangako kwikomkhulu langaphandle. Kungenxa yokuba inkampani esemthethweni yamacala amabini ayisenakho ukusebenzisa amalungelo okuqeshwa kunye nokugxothwa-eyona nto ifikelela kakhulu kolu lawulo-kwaye (nakulawulo luthotyiweyo) ukusebenzisa ilungelo lokuvotelwa kwizigqibo ezibalulekileyo zolawulo . Amalungelo aseleyo okuncoma okanye inkcaso kunye nokubanakho ukugxothwa okwethutyana zizithunzi ezimdaka zoku. Umnqweno wenkqubo esemthethweni yamanqanaba amabini ke ixhomekeke kwinkcubeko yabanini zabelo kwinkampani.

Ulawulo lolwakhiwo olwenziweyo

Nangona kunjalo, kunokwenzeka ukuba kwenziwe amalungiselelo okuhlala kubanini zabelo benkampani ngaphakathi kwemida yomthetho. Umzekelo, nangona kungenakwenzeka kumanqaku ombutho ukuba anciphise ukuvunywa kwezigqibo ezibalulekileyo zolawulo yi-SB, kunokwenzeka ukuba kufunwe ukuvunywa kwelinye iqumrhu elihlangeneyo (umz. I-GMS) kwezi zigqibo ngokunjalo. Ngenxa yoku, imigaqo eqhelekileyo yokulungisa amanqaku ombutho iyasebenza. Ngaphandle kokutenxa kumanqaku ombutho, ukuphambuka kwesivumelwano kunokwenzeka. Nangona kunjalo, oku akucebisi kuba akunakunyanzeliswa kumthetho wenkampani. Ngokwenza izilungiso ezivunyelweyo ngokusemthethweni kwimithetho esemthethweni yamacandelo amabini, kunokwenzeka ukuba ufumane indlela eya kulawulo olulungele inkampani, ngaphandle kwesicelo esisinyanzelo.

Ngaba usenemibuzo malunga nolawulo lobume emva kokufunda eli nqaku, okanye ungathanda iingcebiso ezenzelwe wena kulawulo lolwakhiwo? Ke nceda unxibelelane Law & More. Amagqwetha ethu abaluleke kakhulu kumthetho wequmrhu kwaye angakuvuyela ukukunceda!

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