Ukuqala kwamatyala amangqina: ukuloba ubungqina

isishwankathelo

Uvavanyo lwamangqina okuqala

Ngaphantsi komthetho waseDatshi, inkundla inokuyalela uvavanyo lwangqina ngaphambi kokucela elinye lamaqela (anomdla). Ngexesha lokuva okunjalo, umntu unyanzelekile ukuba athethe inyani. Akuyonto yanto ukuba isigwebo esisemthethweni sobugebenga sisigwebo seminyaka emithandathu. Kukho, nangona kunjalo, inani lezithintelo kwisibophelelo sokungqina. Umzekelo, umthetho uyazi inyhweba ekhethekileyo kunye nelungelo losapho. Isicelo sovavanyo lwangaphambi kokuvavanywa kwengqina sinokwaliwa xa esi sicelo sihamba kunye nokusilela kwenzala, xa kukho ukuphathwa gadalala komthetho, kwimeko yongqubano kunye nemigaqo yenkqubo ebekiweyo okanye xa kukho ezinye izinto ezinomthwalo onzima. thethelela ukwaliwa. Umzekelo, isicelo sovavanyo lwangaphambi kokuvavanywa kwengqina sinokungavunyelwa xa umntu efuna ukufumana iimfihlo zorhwebo okhuphisana naye okanye xa umntu efuna ukwenza into ebizwa ngokuba liliso. uhambo lokuloba. Ngaphandle kwale mithetho, iimeko ezinokubangela uxinzelelo zinokwenzeka; Umzekelo kwicandelo lokuthemba.

Ukuqala kwetyala

Icandelo lethemba

Kwicandelo lokuthemba, icandelo elikhulu leenkcukacha ezijikelezayo zihlala ziyimfihlo; Akukho lwazi luncinci lwabathengi beofisi yetrasti. Ukongeza, iofisi yokuthengela ihlala ifumana ukufikelela kwiiakhawunti zebhanki, ngokucacileyo zifuna imfihlakalo ephezulu. Kwisigwebo esibalulekileyo, inkundla yagweba ukuba i-ofisi yetrasti ngokwayo ayixhomekekanga (kwilungelo lokufumana amalungelo). Isiphumo soku kukuba "imfihlo yokuthemba" inokuthathwa ngokucela uvavanyo lwangaphambi kokungqina. Isizathu sokuba inkundla ingafuni ukunika icandelo letrasti kunye nabasebenzi ilungelo elifunyenwe lisemthethweni yinto yokuba ukubaluleka kokufumana inyaniso kubaluleke kakhulu kwimeko enjalo, enokubonwa njengengxaki. Ngenxa yoko, iqela elinjengegunya lerhafu, ngelixa lingenabungqina obaneleyo bokuqalisa inkqubo, linokuthi, ngokucela uvavanyo lwamangqina, luqokelele ulwazi oluninzi (noluchongiweyo) kuluhlu lwabasebenzi beofisi yetrasti. Uku-oda ukwenza inkqubo isebenze ngakumbi. Nangona kunjalo, umrhafi ngokwawo unokukhaba ukufikelela kulwazi lakhe njengoko kubhekisiwe kwinqaku 47 AWR ngesiseko semfihlo yokunxibelelana kwakhe nomntu onomsebenzi osemthethweni wokugcina izinto ziyimfihlo (igqwetha, i-notary, njalo njalo). Iofisi yetrasti ingabhekisa kweli lungelo lokwala ukuhlawula irhafu, kodwa ke kwimeko apho i-ofisi yetrasti kufuneka iveze ukuba ngubani lo uhlawula irhafu ekubhekiswa kuyo. Oku kunokwenzeka kokuthintelwa “kwemfihlo yokuthenjwa” kusoloko kubonakala njengomcimbi omkhulu. Okwangoku kukho kuphela isisombululo esilinganiselweyo kunye nezinto ezinokwenzeka kubasebenzi beofisi yetrasti yokwala ukuveza ulwazi oluyimfihlo ngexesha lovavanyo lwangaphambi kokungqina.

izisombululo

Njengoko sele kukhankanyiwe, phakathi kwezi zinto zinokwenzeka kukuba uthi iqabane liqalile uhambo lokuloba, ukuba iqabane lizama ukufumana iimfihlakalo zenkampani okanye ukuba iqabane elinekheto linomdla-inzala onamandla kakhulu. Ngaphaya koko, kwiimeko ezithile umntu akanyanzelekanga ukuba angqine ngaye. Ngokwesiqhelo izizathu ezinjalo, nangona kunjalo, aziyi kufaneleka kwimeko ethile. Kwenye yeengxelo zakhe zika-2008, iKomiti yeeNgcebiso kuMthetho weNkqubo yoLuntu (“Adviescommissie van het Burgerlijk Procesrecht”) iphakamisa umhlaba owahlukileyo: ukulingana. NgokweKomiti yeeNgcebiso, kufanelekile ukwala isicelo sentsebenziswano xa iziphumo zingangabikho ngokucacileyo. Esi sisikhombisi esifanelekileyo, kodwa siseza kuhlala singumbuzo ukuya kuthi ga ngokusebenza ngale ndlela. Nangona kunjalo, okoko inkundla ingayilandeli le ndlela, ulawulo olungqongqo lomthetho kunye nomthetho ziya kuhlala zikho. Uqinile kodwa ulungile? Nguwo lowo umbuzo.

Inguqulelo epheleleyo yeli phepha limhlophe iyafumaneka ngesiDatshi kolu nxibelelwano.

Iinkcukacha zoqhagamshelwano

Ukuba unayo nayiphi na imibuzo okanye izimvo emva kokufunda eli nqaku, zive ukhululekile ukunxibelelana mr. UMaxim Hodak, igqwetha-mthetho-kwa- Law & More via maxim.hodak@lawandmore.nl or mr. Tom Meevis, attorney-at-law at Law & More via tom.meevis@lawandmore.nl or call us on +31 (0)40-3690680.

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