Kuqhelekile ukuba umntu omnye okanye omabini amaqela angavumelani ngesigqibo kwimeko yabo. Ngaba awuvumelani nesigqibo senkundla? Ke kukho inketho yokubhena kwesi sigwebo kwinkundla yesibheno. Nangona kunjalo, olu khetho alusebenzi kwimicimbi yoluntu enomdla wemali engaphantsi kwe-EUR 1,750. Ngaba uyavumelana nesigqibo senkundla? Emva koko ungabandakanyeka kwinkqubo yenkundla. Emva kwayo yonke loo nto, elinye iqabane lakho linokugqiba ngokubhena.

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Isibheno

Kuqhelekile ukuba umntu omnye okanye omabini amaqela angavumelani ngesigqibo kwimeko yabo. Ngaba awuvumelani nesigqibo senkundla? Ke kukho inketho yokubhena kwesi sigwebo kwinkundla yesibheno. Nangona kunjalo, olu khetho alusebenzi kwimicimbi yoluntu enomdla wemali engaphantsi kwe-EUR 1,750. Ngaba uyavumelana nesigqibo senkundla? Emva koko ungabandakanyeka kwinkqubo yenkundla. Emva kwayo yonke loo nto, elinye iqabane lakho linokugqiba ngokubhena.

Imenyu ekhawulezayo

Ukubanakho ukubhena kulawulwa kwisihloko se-7 seKhowudi yeNdawo yaseDatshi. Oku kunokwenzeka kusekwe kumgaqo wokuliphatha eli tyala kwizihlandlo ezibini: kwimeko yokuqala ihlala inkundla nakwinkundla yesibheno. Kukholelwa ukuba ukuphatha amatyala ngamatyala amabini kuphucula umgangatho wobulungisa, kunye nokuzithemba kwabemi kulawulo lobulungisa. Isibheno sinemisebenzi emibini ebalulekileyo:

Umsebenzi wolawulo. Kwisibheno, cela inkundla ukuba iphinde ihlole ityala lakho kwakhona. Inkundla ke ijonge ukuba ngaba ijaji ekuqaleni izifumene ngokuchanekileyo izibakala, yawusebenzisa ngokufanelekileyo umthetho nokuba sele igwebe ngokufanelekileyo. Ukuba akukhange kube kunjalo, isigwebo somgwebi wokuqala siya kubhangiswa yinkundla.
Beka ithuba. Kungenzeka ukuba ukhethe isiseko esingokwasemthethweni esingalunganga, ekuqaleni, khange ivele ingxelo yakho ngokwaneleyo okanye ubonelele ubungqina obuncinci kakhulu kwingxelo yakho. Umgaqo wokuyeka ngokupheleleyo usebenza kule nkundla yesibheno. Ayisiyiyo kuphela yonke into enokuthi ivele kwinkundla kwakhona ukuze iphonononge, kodwa wena njengeqela lesibheno uya kuba nethuba lokulungisa iimpazamo ozenzileyo ekuqaleni. Kukho ukubakho kwesibheno sokonyusa ibango lakho.

Umfanekiso weTom Meevis

UTom Meevis

Ukulawulwa kweQabane / iAdvocate

Tsalela umnxeba +31 40 369 06 80

"Law & More magqwetha
bayabandakanyeka kwaye
iyavelana ne
ingxaki yomthengi ”

Ikota yesibheno

Ukuba ukhetha inkqubo yokubhena kwinkundla, kufuneka ufake isibheno kwithuba elithile. Ubude bexesha lelo lixhomekeka kuhlobo lwetyala. Ukuba umgwebo uphathelene nomgwebo ka-a inkundla yamatyala, uneenyanga ezintathu ukusuka kumhla womgwebo wokufaka isibheno. Ngaba kuye kwafuneka ujongane nokushwankathela inkqubo kwasekuqaleni? Kwimeko enjalo, ixesha leeveki ezine kuphela lokwenza isicelo kwinkundla. Uyenzile inkundla yolwaphulo-mthetho Thatha ingqalelo kwaye ugwebe ityala lakho? Kwimeko enjalo, uneeveki ezimbini kuphela emva kwesigqibo sokubhenela kwinkundla.

Kuba iimeko zokubhena zisebenza ngokuqinisekisa ngokusemthethweni, le mihla ebekiweyo kufuneka ilandelwe ngqo. Ixesha lokubhena ke ngumhla wokugqibela ongqongqo. Awuyi kufakwa sibheno ngaphakathi ngeli xesha? Emva koko ufike emva kwexesha kwaye ngenxa yoko akunakuvuma. Kuphela kukwezo meko zibodwa xa isibheno singafakwa emva kokuphela kwexesha elibekiweyo lesibheno. Oku kunokuba njalo, umzekelo, ukuba unobangela wesibheno esigqibeleleyo yimpazamo yejaji ngokwayo, kuba uthumele loo myalelo kumaqela kade kakhulu.

Isibheno

Inkqubo

Kwimeko yesibheno, imigaqo esisiseko kukuba ubonelelo malunga nemeko yokuqala luyasebenza nakwindlela yokubhena. Isibongozo ke ngoko siqala nge isamani Kwimo enye kunye neemfuno ezifanayo kunye nezo zokuqala. Nangona kunjalo, akuseyomfuneko ukuchaza izizathu zesibheno. Ezi zizathu kufuneka zinikezwe kuphela kwingxelo yezikhalazo ilandelwa.

Inqanaba lesibheno lizo zonke izizathu ezibekwa ngumfaki-sicelo ukuze avele ukuba isigwebo senkundla sahlulele ukubekwa ecaleni. Ezo nxalenye zesigqibo ekungekho sizathu sokubekwa kuso, ziya kuhlala zisebenza kwaye azisayi kuphinde zixoxwe ngesibheno. Ngale ndlela, mpikiswano ngesibheno kwaye ke i-batten esemthethweni inomda. Kubalulekile ke ngoko ukuphakamisa isichaso esiqiqisayo kwisigqibo esinikezelwe ekuqaleni. Kubalulekile ukwazi kule meko ukuba umhlaba obizwa ngokuba jikelele, ojolise ekuziseni imbambano kuyo yonke imeko yesigwebo, ayinakho kwaye ayizukuphumelela. Ngamanye amagama: izizathu zesibheno kufuneka ziqulathe inkcazo ekhonkrithiyo icace gca kwelinye icala kwimeko yezokhuseleko ukuba yeyiphi kanye inkcaso.

Isiteyitimenti sezikhalazo siyalandela ingxelo yokhuseleko. Ngokwalo, umtyholwa kwisibheno unokufaka nezizathu zokwenza izigqibo ezichasene nesimangalo kwaye aphendule kwingxelo yezikhalazo. Isiteyitimenti sezikhalazo kunye nengxelo yokhuselo zidla ngokuphelisa ukutshintshiselana ngezikhundla kwisibheno. Emva kokuba amaxwebhu abhaliweyo etshintshiwe, ngokomgaqo akusavunyelwa ukubeka phambili izizathu ezintsha, nokuba akunakwenziwa ibango. Kuyacaciswa ke ukuba ijaji ayinakuphinda inake izizathu zesibheno ezibekwe ngaphambili emva kwengxelo yesibheno okanye sokuzikhusela. Oku kuyasebenza ukwanda kwebango. Nangona kunjalo, ngendlela eyahlukileyo, umhlaba usenokwamkelwa kamva ukuba elinye iqela linike imvume yalo, isikhalazo sivela kuhlobo lwembambano okanye imeko entsha ivele emva kokuba kungeniswe amaxwebhu abhaliweyo.

Njengenqaku lokuqala, umjikelo obhaliweyo kwimeko yokuqala uhlala ulandelwa isimangalo phambi kwenkundla. Kukho okwahlukileyo kulo mgaqo kwisibheno: isimangalo phambi kwenkundla siyakukhetha kwaye ke asiyonto eqhelekileyo. Uninzi lweemeko ke zihlala zixazululwe ngokubhaliweyo yinkundla. Nangona kunjalo, omabini amaqela angacela inkundla ukuba imamele ityala labo. Ukuba iqela lifuna ukuxoxwa kwetyala phambi kwenkundla yezibheno, inkundla kuyakufuneka iyivumele, ngaphandle kokuba kukho iimeko ezizodwa. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, umthetho-onelungelo lokufaka isikhalazo lihleli.

Inyathelo lokugqibela kwinqubo yomthetho ekubhengeni umgwebo. Kwesi sigwebo, inkundla yezibheno iya kubonisa ukuba isigwebo senkundla besichanekile na. Ngokusebenza, kungathabatha ukuya kwiinyanga ezintandathu okanye ngaphezulu ukuze amaqela ajongane nesigwebo sokugqibela senkundla yesibheno. Ukuba izizathu zomfaki-sicelo ziyaqinisekiswa, inkundla iyakuthi ibeke ecaleni isigqibo esigqithisiweyo kwaye ilihlawule ityala ngokwayo. Ngaphandle koko inkundla yesibheno iya kuxhasa isigwebo esivumelanayo.

Isibheno kwinkundla yezolawulo

Ngaba awuvumelani nesigqibo senkundla yezolawulo? Emva koko unakho nokubhena. Nangona kunjalo, xa ujongene nomthetho wolawulo, kubalulekile ukuba wazi ukuba kwimeko leyo kuya kufuneka ujongane namanye amagama. Kukho ixesha elingangeeveki ezintandathu ukusukela kwixesha lokumenyezelwa kwesigwebo somgwebi wolawulo, apho ungasifaka khona isibheno. Kuya kufuneka ujongane neminye imeko onokuthi uguqukele kuyo kwimeko yesibheno. Yiya kweyiphi inkundla kuxhomekeke kuhlobo lwetyala:

Ukhuseleko lweNtlalontle kunye nabasebenzi baseburhulumenteni. Amatyala okhuseleko lwentlalo kunye nemithetho yabasebenzi baseburhulumenteni iyaphathwa kwi-Central Board of Rules (CRvB).
Umthetho wezoqoqosho wolawulo kunye nezobulungisa. Imicimbi kwimeko, phakathi kwezinye izinto, UMthetho woKhuphiswano, umThetho wePosi, UMthetho weZinto eziThunyelwayo kunye noMthetho woNxibelelwano ziqhutywa kwisibheno yiBhodi yeZibheno kwiShishini (i-CBb).
Umthetho wokufudukela kwelinye ilizwe kunye neminye imicimbi. Amanye amatyala, kubandakanya namatyala okufudukela kwelinye ilizwe, ajongana nesibheno liCandelo loLawulo lwezoLawulo lweBhunga likaRhulumente (i-ABRvS).

Emva kwesibheno

Emva kwesibheno

Ngokwesiqhelo, amaqela abambelela kwisigwebo senkundla yesibheno kwaye ityala labo lixazululwe kwisibheno. Nangona kunjalo, awuvumelani nesigwebo senkundla ngokubhena? Ke kukho ukhetho lokufaka isidumbu kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseDatshi ukuya kuthi ga kwiinyanga ezintathu emva kwesigwebo senkundla yesibheno. Olu khetho alusebenzi kwizigqibo ze-ABRvS, CRvB kunye ne-CBb. Emva kwayo yonke loo nto, iingxelo zalo mzimba zinemigwebo yokugqibela. Ke ngoko akunakwenzeka ukuba ucele umngeni kwezi zigwebo.

Ukuba kunokwenzeka ukuba u-cassation akhona, kuya kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba akukho gumbi lokuvavanywa kwembambano. Izizathu ze-cassation nazo zincinci. Emva kwayo yonke loo nto, ukuqinisekiswa kunokumiselwa kuphela njengoko iinkundla eziphantsi zingakhange zisebenzise umthetho ngokuchanekileyo. Yinkqubo enokuthatha iminyaka kwaye ibandakanye neendleko eziphezulu. Kubalulekile ke ukuba yonke into iphume kwinkqubo yesibheno. Law & More ndiyavuya ukukunceda ngale nto. Emva kwayo yonke loo nto, ukubhenela kuyinkqubo entsonkothileyo kulo naluphi na ulawulo, ngokufuthi kubandakanya izinto eziphambili. Law & More Amagqwetha aziingcali kwimicimbi yolwaphulo-mthetho, kwezolawulo nakwezoluntu kwaye ayonwabile ukukunceda kwinkqubo yokubhena. Ngaba unayo eminye imibuzo? Nceda unxibelelane Law & More.

Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi ukuba yintoni Law & More ndingakwenzela njengeziko lezomthetho e-Eindhoven?
Sitsalele umnxeba kule nombolo: +31 40 369 06 80 okanye thumela i-imeyile:

Mr. UTom Meevis, igqwetha kwa Law & More – tom.meevis@lawandmore.nl
mr. Maxim Hodak, advocate at & More – maxim.hodak@lawandmore.nl